Annotated Bibliographies

Unit One Description Sources


A Chorus Line

A Chorus Line. (2018). Retrieved from

A Chorus Line, a Broadway musical based off the book by James Kirkwood and Nicholas Dante, is about a day in the life of 17 teenagers in competition for a spot in the ‘chorus line’ in a musical. The purpose behind the musical was to show how things experienced in life and decisions made along the way tend to decide your future, and in the case of the play it brought forward the instance of 17 teenagers and the directions they’ve taken in their path of life have lead them to becoming dancers. Otherwise the musical a form of entertainment with no overall intention to create a change in the world. The intended audience is for people who are into the arts and enjoy plays and reaches out to the demographic of people stuck in a position where they feel that there is no option to move on and to open their minds and guide people who may be lost in what they would like to do.

This source connects to my panel because a message on the panel that says “A Chorus Line of Care” in the same font as the one used in the original artwork of the Broadway musical “A Chorus Line” is used and its shows that Steve Jacoby could have been a big fan of “A Chorus line” or could have been apart of the cast.


Virginia Font

Virginia Font. (2008, May 08). Retrieved from

The Virginia font is a font created by Russell Bean, who did a various amount of designing from graphic design to typography to lettering design. He moved out to Los Angeles and worked for various studios by created various text designs at studios. There is no direct evidence to the Virginia font being linked to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, but it was a font that was popularly used in film studios across Los Angeles during the 80’s. The purpose of the Virginia font did not have a particular special purpose other than to serve as a aesthetically pleasing font that can be used by movie directors in Los Angeles during the 80’s. The specific audience of this font was the film studios in Los Angeles solely for satisfying the demand for designers from the film industry.

This source connects to my panel because “Los Angeles” is written above Steve Jacoby’s name in the Virginia font, and it provides context that Steve may have been apart of the Los Angeles film scene during the 1980’s in which and where the Virginia font was very popular in use.



HIV/AIDS Timeline

A Timeline of HIV and AIDS. (2018, February 23). Retrieved February 27, 2018, from

The HIV/AIDS timeline is a timeline created by which is a government ran website that shares information about HIV/AIDS and educates the masses on HIV/AID how to prevent the contraction and spreading of the disease. The timeline provides evidence such as news reports, statistics, police reports, government issued restrictions, etc. to provide insight of the HIV/AIDS epidemic during the 1980’s across the United States and gives detailed information about cities like San Francisco, Los Angeles, and New York. The purpose of the timeline is to provide historic information about the HIV/AIDS epidemic from cases in the 1980’s to 2016, wants to share this information to bring attention to the way people reacted to the spread of HIV/AIDS and how hectic the population and government responded to the epidemic. The specific audience for this timeline is for someone looking into HIV/AIDS and are curious to learn about the specific events and details that happened during a time they may or may not have been alive. This information is very useful to anyone who seeks to learn about HIV/AIDS in a context other than what is it and how it’s contracted and spread.

This source connects to my panel because I noticed from the previous source the Virginia font was commonly used in the 1980’s in Los Angeles and the 1980’s was when the HIV/AIDS epidemic was a big issue. In the HIV/AIDS timeline there is a lot of information shared about the measures being taken in Los Angeles in the 80’s to keep the disease contained and keeping the public in order.



Los Angeles

City of Los Angeles. (n.d.). Retrieved 2018, from

Founded September 4, 1781, Los Angeles is a city in southern California that is home to over 3,000,000 people. Los Angeles has been a bustling city for many decades and many would claim that the 80’s was the pinnacle of being a resident of Los Angeles, many films were produced in Los Angeles especially in the Hollywood neighbourhood. The way the city of Los Angeles was utilised, was as a city to get away or a city to making it big or in other words a city of vice. Many people from around the world came to visit this city and experience what it is like to live a life of freedom in any form they wished to live it whether that be through film, art, music, or business.

This source connects to my panel because the city of Los Angeles is printed in large text and it may indicate that Steve Jacoby was a resident of Los Angeles. Also in my previous sources there has been a common theme of Los Angeles and film being mentioned and the environment around it and it’s heavy link to HIV/AIDS.



A. (2018, February 22). California. Retrieved March 01, 2018, from

AIDSVu is a website that provides and interactive map that shows the concentration of people with HIV/AIDS in any given area across the United States. AIDSVu uses government issue statistics about individuals who have the virus within a given location, information provided by agencies like the NIH and the CDC. The purpose of this website is to inform the public of the size of impact that HIV/AIDS has on a location either that being locally or nationally, this website’s objective is just to show that HIV/AIDS is still prevalent today and is a matter that needs to taken seriously and handled with care. This source is very useful for people who are searching for real-time statistics on HIV/AIDS and are reporting on the matter in a context that is recent.

This source does not connect with my panel, I initially thought that when I first came across this site gave an “over-time” interactive map that will show areas where HIV/AIDS were heavily concentrated throughout Los Angeles, but it only shows an interactive map of where it is heavily concentrated today.

Unit Two Description Sources


Rent Musical

RENT. (n.d.). Retrieved March 23, 2018, from

‘Rent’ is a broadway musical written and produced by Jonathan Larson. Jonathan Larson was a playwright from New York that was for his choice of controversial social issues that he addressed in his work. Examples of his works are his plays ‘Rent’ and ‘Tick, Tick… BOOM!’ Larson is also a winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The story of the play ‘Rent’ is a reflection on the life of young adults who unfortunately suffers from HIV/AIDS and living in poverty in New York City. The intentions of the play was to bring such a surreal issue into the view of the public and into the arts to bring awareness to an issue that many were not well educated on around the time of the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This play is for those who want to see how Larson conveys his message about HIV/AIDS and those who also enjoy theatre and would like to see a play that addresses humanitarian issues unlike most plays.

This source connects to my quilt because on Larry Kert’s panel the entire panel is dedicated to the ‘Rent’ play and I think that Larry may have enjoyed the play because it hits back home and represents a population that many people shunned and mistreated due to the lack of knowledge and reliable information to distribute among Americans to help those who were unfortunate and contracted HIV/AIDS during the epidemic.


Phantom of the Opera

Phantom of the Opera [Photograph found in Majestic New York Theatre, New York City]. (n.d.). Retrieved March 23, 2018, from
‘The Phantom of the Opera’ is a musical written by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Richard Stilgoe. Andrew Lloyd Webber is a renowned composer and playwright from London, UK. He has had many of his works played on Broadway and West End. Richard Stilgoe is also a renowned playwright from London, UK but mostly known for being apart of the writing process of ‘The Phantom of the Opera.’ The story of ‘The Phantom of the Opera’ is about an opera house believed to be haunted hence the reasoning behind the naming of the play having phantom in it. This play is for those who enjoy broadway musicals and would like to experience a classic play and indulge themselves in the finest of the arts.

This source doesn’t link to my quilt although it does appear on David Rubinstein’s panel. The reason is doesn’t connect to my source is because it doesn’t necessarily disclose any information about HIV/AIDS and may have just been a play that David Rubinstein was a big fan of. The composers of the play make no mentions of humanitarian issues in the motives of their plays.



National Center for Biotechnology Information

NCBI [Photograph found in National Center for Biotechnology Information]. (n.d.). Retrieved March 23, 2018, from
The National Center for Biotechnology Information is a government website ran by the United States National Library of Medicine and is also a branch of the National Institutes of Health. The NCBI provides statistics, dates, and age ranges of patients who have died from the HIV/AIDS illness in the year of 1991.  Evidence they’ve used are data from state governments that report the deaths of the residents within their states that have died from the HIV/AIDS illness. The sources are credible due to this website being owned by the United States government. The NCBI has a large amount of archives that has any medical statistic and figures to give whomever is looking for specific information has that available to them. This source is for those who are looking for a credible source to provide them statistics on any aspect of any medical history that has been recorded in the United States.because

This source links to my quilt because David Rubinstein, Larry Kert, and John David lost their lives to HIV/AIDS in 1991 and the NBCI had information claiming that HIV/AIDS was the 2nd leading cause of death in the United States in 1991. I was just curious as to why everyone I studied on my panel shared the same year of passing.



Matthew Tift Dissertation

Tift, M. C. (2007). MUSICAL AIDS: MUSIC, MUSICIANS, AND THE CULTURAL CONSTRUCTION OF HIV/AIDS IN THE UNITED STATES(Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Wisconsin. doi:

Doctor Matthew Christen Tift was a student seeking a PhD in musicology at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. Matthew’s dissertation is about Jonathan Larson’s ‘Rent’. Matthew offers sources like surveys taken at hospitals and clinics in the state of Wisconsin among people with HIV/AIDS. Matthew searched for an answer as to how people who are diagnosed with HIV/AIDS relieve the stress of having the illness and how Jonathan’s work represents the community of those with the illness. Matthew’s dissertation is for those who want a secondary point of view of the creation of ‘Rent’, Jonathan Larson’s musical. His dissertation is specifically useful for those who may need inspiration for their dissertation in the future.

This source links to my quilt because Larry Kert’s panel is dedicated to the musical, and I thought that maybe Larry mostly enjoyed the musical because there was a representation of him in popular culture at the time and had stress relieved and that he wasn’t alone.



Broadway Cares

Broadway Cares. (n.d.). Retrieved March 23, 2018, from

Broadway Cares is an nonprofit organization ran by members of the Broadway community. The Broadway community consists of broadway fans, directors, executives, producers, and actors in the theatre industry and want to raise awareness and fight for those who have HIV/AIDS. They organization runs as a charity and donates any money raise towards research to cure HIV/AIDS, also they provide grants to families of those who have HIV/AIDS. This organization is for those who seek to help out in the community and would like to be apart of an organization that helps the community. Also this organization is for those who are searching for sources of humanitarian aid within the arts.

This source connects to my quilt because Larry Kert and David Rubinstein feature plays that were and still are performed on broadway. I thought that maybe since Larry and David are fans of broadway that they would like to know if there is an organization that represents them and also fights alongside them for a better life for those with HIV/AIDS now and those with HIV/AIDS in the future.